PFAS are chemicals of high concern and their use should be regulated in the garment and textile industry.→ →
Numerous chemicals, including toxic substances and endocrine disrupting chemicals are being used throughout textile manufacturing process. Dyeing processes alone usually involve more than 1600 different chemicals, including formaldehyde, chlorine, lead, and mercury. Treatment and dyeing of textile is accountable for 20% of global industrial water pollution. PFOS is being used to make textiles water repellent, which is a Persistent Organic Pollutant (POP) that will stay in the environment forever and is linked to cancer and other diseases. Studies show that after recycling some of these toxic chemicals can still be found in the new textiles that have been made.
PFAS are often used as impregnating agents in textiles due to their desirable properties, and unfortunately their use has a negative impact on human and environmental health.
These desirable textile properties include:
– oil, water, alcohol, and dirt repellency
– high thermal stability
– durability throughout the washing and dry cleaning processes
Cotton is ubiquitous and widely used throughout the world in the textile and garment industry. However, cotton production can lead to adverse impacts on both human health and the environment due in large part to pesticide use during production.→ →